Reflexology is the application of appropriate pressure to specific points and areas on the feet. These areas and reflex points correspond to different body organs and systems, and that pressing them has a beneficial effect on the organs and person's general health. For example, reflexology holds that a specific spot in the arch of the foot corresponds to the bladder point. When a reflexology practitioner uses thumbs or fingers to apply appropriate pressure to this area, it affects bladder functioning.
In reflexology theory, points and areas on the feet correspond to specific organs, bones and body systems. Practitioners access these points (bottom, sides, and top) to affect organs and systems throughout the entire body.
Running up along the outside of the foot under the sigmoid colon is the Sciatic Nerve. Working this area can help with sciatica and pain that runs alongside the sciatic nerve and down the legs to the feet.
Running above the sciatic nerve, working the sigmoid colon reflex area can help with constipation, haemorrhoids and diverticulitis.
On the left foot only, working this area can promote adequate enzyme activity in the colon. This is important as these enzymes break down the food we eat into smaller particles that make it easier for the body to absorb the nutrients and use for its many physiological functions.
Only a small portion of the liver is on the left foot, it is mainly on the right foot. Working this area aids in detoxifing the body.
The solar plexus, situated in the centre of the diaphragm line, is the main storage area for stress. Working on this area will bring about a feeling of relaxation. Right side of the foot, under the small toe on both feet is the shoulder/ arm reflex area. Reflexology helps to reduce tension and painful shoulders. Further down from this reflex just under the diaphragm line is the spleen reflex and is only on the left foot, working on this reflex reduces hunger, beneficial for weight loss.
The Head/ Brain/ teeth reflex areas. Working on the toes can also relieve blocked sinuses and reduce sinus pain.
The Brain/Head reflex, applying pressure here helps to relieve headaches, tension and reduce stress. The big toe also has the pressure points to the Hypothalmus (regulates body tempeture), Pituitory Gland (stimulates the release of endorphins to reduce pain) and the Inner Ear reflex (control balance).